Fire Department - Firefighter Clothes/Equipment

Firefighters wear special clothes that are made to protect them while they work in dangerous situations. This helps them do a better job while staying safe.

The firefighter’s helmet is made from very strong, heat resistant fiberglass. Some helmets can be made of leather. It can protect the firefighters from heat, water, and heavy falling debris. The shield can help to protect eyes. The helmets have many special markings on them. Numbers can identify who the helmet belongs to and which piece of equipment they are assigned to.  The Chief officers wear a white helmet, Captains and Lieutenants wear a red helmet and firefighters wear a black helmet.

The coat is made up of several different layers. The outside layer is made of fire resistive Kevlar/Nomex with Ripstop weave. The inner layer is a thermal layer with a moisture barrier.

The yellow and silver stripes that you see are reflective. They allow firefighters to be seen when lights shine on them in the dark.

Each firefighter’s name is stenciled on the back of their coat for identification.

This firefighter is wearing a Truckman’s belt. He can attach and carry small tools on the belt.

 

Firefighter gloves are made of very heavy leather. They protect the firefighter’s hands from heat and cold. They allow firefighters to work in dangerous conditions while their hands are protected.

 These pants are made of special materials that are heat and flame resistant.

The inner layer is made of waterproof material that helps to keep firefighters warm and dry. These pieces of clothing can be very warm in the winter, but can be very hot for the firefighters during the warmer months. I wonder what he keeps in those big pockets?

The total weight of all of this gear combined is approximately 65 pounds.

Joke:
Q: Why do firefighters wear red suspenders?
A: To keep their pants from falling down!

Firefighter boots are made of leather. They have steel toes and reinforced soles. These boots help to keep their feet safe from heavy or sharp objects. They are waterproof to keep feet nice and dry.

This air tank is called a Self Contained Breathing apparatus (SCBA). It is made of seamless aluminum and wrapped with fiberglass. It allows firefighters to breathe 30 minutes of fresh air while they are working in smoke filled and hazardous conditions. It has many warning and safety devices attached to it.

 

Face Mask
The face mask is connected to the SCBA (self contained breathing apparatus) by a special hose. It provides the firefighter with fresh air so they can work in dangerous conditions. Each firefighter has their own face piece that is fit tested to their face. It is important to have a tight seal so the fresh air does not escape.

Nomex Hood
A Nomex hood is a common piece of firefighting equipment. The fire and heat resistant material that make up the hood protects the parts of the head not covered by the helmet and face mask. Race car drivers sometimes use a similar hood.

These tools are primarily used for forcible entry. These are examples of a flat-head axe and a Halligan Bar. Their use is for prying and popping open doors and for ventilation.

The fire vehicles contain several different types of extinguishers. This is an example of a pressurized water extinguisher. It can put out a small fire without the firefighters having to pull out hose.

There are also CO 2 and dry chemical extinguishers. Each type of extinguisher has a specific use.

This is an example of a doughnut roll. The way it is rolled up contains the male coupling on the inside to protect the threads.

This is the choice roll for storage. It is made of nylon and is heat resistant. The couplings are brass. This is 1 ¾ inch in size.

This is a “Little Giant” ladder. It is very versatile. It can be folded and stores easily. It can turn into an A-frame, extension or 90 degree angle. Sometimes it is used to get over a large fence to gain access to the highway for vehicle accidents.

The rope bag holds 125 feet of Kevlar rope. It can be used for many things like search and rescue, emergency escape and carrying tools and equipment.